Postfix feature overview

Supported environments

Postfix runs (or has run) on AIX, BSD, HP-UX, IRIX, LINUX, MacOS X, Solaris, Tru64 UNIX, and other UNIX systems. It requires ANSI C, a POSIX.1 library, and BSD sockets. In addition, Postfix requires that the file system satisfies a number of requirements that are described at the end of this page.

Main features

The following is a list of major Postfix features. Some features require third-party libraries (examples: LDAP, SQL, TLS). Other features are available only when the necessary operating system support exists and Postfix knows how to use it (examples: IP version 6, connection caching).

Container support

Postfix 3.4 Logging to stdout from Postfix daemon and non-daemon programs.
Postfix 3.3 Support to run as PID=1 in a Linux container.

Junk mail control

Postfix 3.1 Postscreen DNSBL/WL cache TTL support for non-existent records.
Postfix 2.8 Postscreen zombie blocker.
Postfix 2.8 DNS whitelist support in smtpd and in postscreen.
Postfix 2.5 Stress-dependent configuration
Postfix 2.3 Sendmail Milter (mail filter) protocol
Postfix 2.2 SMTP server per-client rate and concurrency limits
Postfix 2.1 Access control per client/sender/recipient/etc.
Postfix 2.1 Address probing callout
Postfix 2.1 Greylisting plug-in
Postfix 2.1 SPF plug-in
Postfix 1.1 Content filter (built-in, external before queue, external after queue)

Protocol support

Postfix 3.5 HAProxy v2 support in postscreen and smtpd
Postfix 3.4 SNI (server name indication) support for both SMTP client and server roles.
Postfix 3.4 SMTP server support for RFC 3030 CHUNKING (without BINARYMIME).
Postfix 3.4 Multiple SMTP deliveries over the same TLS-encrypted connection. This reuses the existing tlsproxy(8) and scache(8) services.
Postfix 3.0 Email Address Internationalization as described in RFC 6531 (SMTPUTF8 Extension), RFC 6532 (Email headers), and RFC 6533 (Delivery status notifications).
Postfix 3.0 Configurable DNS reply filter for the Postfix SMTP client and server.
Postfix 3.0 Configurable delivery status filter for the Postfix SMTP client and other delivery agents.
Postfix 3.0 RFC 7505 ("Null MX" No Service Resource Record), Earlier Postfix versions will bounce mail because of a "Malformed DNS server reply".

Postfix 2.11 RFC 7672 (SMTP security via opportunistic DANE TLS) PKI-less TLS server certificate verification based on DANE (DNS-Based Authentication of Named Entities).
Postfix 2.10 HAproxy support in postscreen and smtpd
Postfix 2.9 Nginx proxy support in smtpd including SASL credential passing
Postfix 2.3 DKIM, DomainKeys and SenderID authentication (via Milter plug-in)
Postfix 2.3 DSN status notifications
Postfix 2.3 Enhanced status codes
Postfix 2.3 Plug-in support for multiple SASL implementations (Cyrus, Dovecot)
Postfix 2.2 Connection cache for SMTP
Postfix 2.2 IP version 6
Postfix 2.2 TLS encryption and authentication
Postfix 2.0 MIME (including 8BITMIME to 7BIT conversion)
Postfix 1.0 ETRN on-demand relay
Postfix 1.0 LMTP client
Postfix 1.0 Pipelining (SMTP client and server)
Postfix 1.0 SASL authentication
Postfix 1.1 QMQP server

By popular demand...

Postfix 3.4 Logging to Postfix logfile, without using syslogd or systemd.
Postfix 2.9 Non-repeating (long) queue IDs
Postfix 2.8 Server reject "footer" text
Postfix 2.3 Configurable delivery status notification message text
Postfix 2.3 Sender-dependent SMTP relay lookup
Postfix 2.3 Sender-dependent SASL password lookup

Database support

Postfix 3.2 MySQL stored procedure support.
Postfix 3.0 multi-database operators: pipelining with pipemap:{map1, map2, ...} and concatenation with unionmap:{map1, map2, ...}
Postfix 2.11 LMDB database
Postfix 2.10 Sendmail-style socketmap
Postfix 2.9 Gradual degradation: in many cases a Postfix daemon will log a warning and continue providing the services that are still available, instead of immediately terminating with a fatal error.
Postfix 2.9 Memcache database
Postfix 2.8 SQLite database
Postfix 2.2 CDB database
Postfix 2.0 PostgreSQL database
Postfix 1.0 LDAP database
Postfix 1.0 MySQL database
Postfix 1.0 Berkeley DB database
Postfix 1.0 DBM database

Mailbox support

Postfix 1.0 Maildir and mailbox format
Postfix 1.0 Virtual domains

Address manipulation

Postfix 2.2 Masquerading addresses in outbound SMTP mail
Postfix 2.2 Selective address rewriting
Postfix 1.1 VERP envelope return addresses

Postfix file system requirements

The Postfix mail queue requires that:

In addition to the above, Postfix maildir delivery requires that:

Postfix mailbox delivery introduces no additional requirements.

Files in the Postfix command_directory require that: